Mu Rwanda uburenganzira bw’ abaryamana bahuje ibitsina buracyari inzozi ahubwo bavuga ko bafatwa nabi

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Uburenganzira bw’ abaryamana bahuje ibitsina bu ku mpapuro, ariko ivangura ribakorerwa rirakomejeNtabwo Chris yanzwe n’umuryango gusa ahubwo n’abayobozi b’amadini mu matorero atandukanye. Chris, umucuranzi w’umuhanga, yahungiye mu rusengero aho bahawe amahirwe yo kwitoza gusenga ariko bakimara kumenya umwirondoro wa Chris, yirukanwa n’iryo torero.

.Ati: “Nahuye n’ivangura igihe nasabaga ubuvuzi kandi sinongeye kubona amafaranga yo kwivuza mu muryango nka mbere y’ uko mama anyirukana. Igihe cyose nagiye mu bitaro ngasobanurira abaganga ububabare nagize kuva nandura indwara yandurira mu mibonano mpuzabitsina , banciraga urubanza. Ibi byarambabaje cyane, nagiye kwiheba ntekereza kwiyahura. Kugira ngo nongere kuri ibi, natangiye gukoresha ibiyobyabwenge. ”

Chris yarambwiye.Iyi ni inkuru isanzwe mu bihugu byinshi bya Afurika – imibonano mpuzabitsina bahuje ibitsina mu bihugu 37. Ndi mu itsinda ry’ikigo Nyafurika gishinzwe Ubushakashatsi ku Buzima gishaka gutanga ibimenyetso byimbitse kugira ngo dusobanukirwe neza n’ubuzima bw’abantu n’imibonano mpuzabitsina n’uburinganire. Igitekerezo n’ uko ibyo bizamenyesha politiki ku bijyanye no kubahiriza imibereho  myiza y’ abaturage ba lesbiyani, abaryamana bahuje ibitsina, abahuje ibitsina ndetse n’ aba transgender (LGBT).Chris yemeza ko kugeza ubu, we n’ abagenzi be barangije amasomo ane muri Kenya no mu Rwanda.

Duherutse gukora ubushakashatsi mu Rwanda ku mibereho yabayeho ya LGBT n’imyumvire ya rubanda. Twasanze ivangura ryiganje, ariko hashobora gufatwa ingamba zo kubikemura

.U Rwanda n’umuryango w’ abaryamana bahuje ibitsina

U Rwanda ni kimwe mu bihugu bike byo muri Afurika byemereye amasezerano mpuzamahanga ndetse ni umugabane urengera uburenganzira bwa muntu bw’abaturage bose, harimo n’itangazo ry’umuryango w’abibumbye ryerekeye icyerekezo cy’imibonano mpuzabitsina n’irangamuntu ndetse na raporo y’umuryango w’abibumbye ku bijyanye n’imibonano mpuzabitsina n’irangamuntu ya LGBT. Iki gihugu kandi cyashyize umukono ku masezerano y’umuryango w’abibumbye 2011 yamagana ihohoterwa rikorerwa abaturage ba LGBT kandi ryifatanije n’ibindi bihugu icyenda bya Afurika gushyigikira uburenganzira bw’ abaryamana bahuje ibitsina (LGBT).

Mu Rwanda ariko, politiki y’imbere mu burenganzira bwa LGBT ni agace keza. Ingingo ya 26 yerekeye gushyingirwa yemera gushyingirwa hagati y’ umugabo n’ igitsina gore. Iri tegeko ryongerera ubwumvikane buke ku myifatire y’u Rwanda ku mategeko y’abaturage ba LGBT, bigatuma bagira imibereho idahwitse.Ubushakashatsi bwacu, ku bufatanye na gahunda yo guteza imbere ubuzima bwibanze ku turere dutandatu two mu murwa mukuru Kigali no mu majyepfo y’u Rwanda.Twakoze ibiganiro byimbitse kandi twibanda ku matsinda hamwe n’abantu n’abayobozi ba LGBT, n’ubushakashatsi hamwe n’abaturage muri rusange kugirango dusobanukirwe byimazeyo ibyabayeho.

Twaganiriye kandi n’abaturage, cyane cyane abanyamuryango b’imiryango itegamiye kuri leta, abarimu, abashinzwe ubuzima, abashinzwe umutekano, n’ubuyobozi bw’ibanze.Twasanze, nubwo u Rwanda rufatwa nk’ igihugu gifite umuvuduko mu iterambere ariko ruracyari inyuma mu kumva ibibazo bya LGBT.Abaturage bagera kuri batatu kuri bane (74%) bagaragaje ko ibikorwa by’imibonano mpuzabitsina cyangwa uburinganire bw’abantu ba LGBT batubaha Imana mu gihe 49% bumvaga ko abantu ba LGBT badasanzwe.

Kimwe cya kabiri (50%) bemezaga ko kuryamana kw’abahuje igitsina, ibitsina byombi, no guhuza ibitsina bituruka ku bwisanzure n’ubwisanzure bukabije.Umubare munini wabantu ba LGBT bavuze ko bafite inzangano z’ imiryango ndetse n’abaturage benshi, nko mu muco, aho bakorera, aho batuye ndetse n’igihe bagerageza kubona serivisi z’ubuzima.

Gupfobya cyane no kuvangura ni ibisanzwe mu baturage benshi bagana umuryango wa LGBT.Abantu ba LGBT bakorerwa imiti yo guhindura – aho bajyanwa gusengera bizeye ko bazirukanwa mu byifuzo byabo byo kuryamana kw’abahuje igitsina. Baranze kandi bakorerwa imvugo mbi n’ ururimi.Mu mwaka wa 2016, perezida w’u Rwanda, Paul Kagame, yavuze ko kuba mu Rwanda nk’umuntu wa LGBTI “bitatubereye ikibazo, kandi ko tutagamije kubigira ikibazo” .

N’ubwo bimeze bityo ariko, guverinoma idafite uburyo bwemewe n’amategeko bwo kurinda akarengane gashobora gukorerwa abaturage ba LGBT  mu mibereho.

Hariho intambwe zitandukanye leta n’imiryango itegamiye kuri leta bashobora gutera kugirango bikosorwe.Hagomba kandi kubaho gahunda zizamura abaturage kubijyanye na LGBT.

Ubukangurambaga bugomba gukorwa hagati y’ abantu ba LGBT. Bagomba kumenyeshwa uburenganzira bwabo bwa muntu n’uburinzi bwemewe n’amategeko.

Ibi byateza imbere uburinganire  bw’ imibonano mpuzabitsina. Ibi bishobora gukorwa mu buryo butaziguye ku rwego rw’ abaturage cyangwa hifashishijwe abayobozi bahuguwe, nk’ abayobozi b’amadini.Amahugurwa ku burenganzira bwa muntu nayo ni ingenzi.

Ibi bigomba guhabwa abakozi bashinzwe ubuzima, abashinzwe kubahiriza amategeko, abanyamakuru n’inzego z’uburezi, abacamanza n’abavoka. Amahugurwa nk’ aya agomba kuba arimo uburenganzira bw’ abantu ba LGBTI bwo kubona serivisi.

Ha nyuma, imiryango itegamiye kuri leta igomba guharanira amategeko na politiki yuzuye yo kurwanya ivangura kandi guverinoma igomba gushyiraho no gushyira mu bikorwa imyanzuro basinyiye. Ibi bikubiyemo komisiyo nyafurika ishinzwe uburenganzira bwa muntu.Kugira ngo bikurikizwe neza, abashinzwe kubahiriza amategeko bagomba kumenya aya mategeko n’ibigomba gukorwa kugira ngo bayashyire mu bikorwa.

IVOMO:The Conversation

Jean Cyusa

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